Clean Air Initiative: GlobalClean Air Initiative: AsiaIniciativa del Aire Limpio: América LatinaClean Air Initiative: Sub-Saharan Africa
Advanced Search
Dialogue room
Mailing List
Newsletter
Clean Air Initiative: Global
Clean Air Initiative: Asia
Iniciativa del Aire Limpio: América Latina
Clean Air Initiative: Sub-Saharan Africa
Clean Air Initiative: Eastern Europe and Central Asia (archived)
Topic
Institution
Author
China to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Coalmine Methane Through ‘First of’ Initiative


Beijing, People’s Republic of China, December 2, 2004 - The People’s Republic of China has signed the first ever greenhouse gas emission reductions purchase agreement (ERPA) for a coal mine methane project. Over 60 percent of China’s energy needs are met by coal, but methane from coal mines, is one of the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitters on a stand-alone gas basis¾eight percent of the entire worldwide emissions. Coalmine methane (CMM) is twenty-three times more powerful than carbon dioxide at affecting global warming.

China’s National Climate Change Coordination Committee has placed coal methane projects as of its top four prioritized categories in developing projects under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol¾which, with Russia’s ratification, will now come into effect in February 2005¾is the 1997 agreement to limit climate altering greenhouse gas emissions. The Clean Development Mechanism, (CDM), a flexible mechanism of the Protocol, allows OECD countries to fulfill some of their greenhouse gas emission-reduction commitments through projects in the developing world.

The project developer Jincheng Anthracite Coal Group Co. Ltd.will capture coalmine methane and utilize it for power generation at the Sihe coalmine in Jincheng City, Shanxi province, in northwestern China, The certified greenhouse gas emission reductions generated by the project will be purchased by the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF), a public/private partnership, made up of six governments and 17 private companies, which authorizes the World Bank, as Trustee, to purchase greenhouse gas emission reductions from projects on behalf of the participants of the fund. The PCF will purchase 4.5 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent emission reductions over the project’s 20-year lifetime.

The Jincheng Project will produce tangible benefits for the local population. Shanxi province, located in northwestern China, is the center of the country’s coal mining industry. Economic and employment conditions in Shanxi are heavily coal-dependent¾the Sihe mine alone employs 27,000 people in Jincheng City. This project will improve conditions at the mine for current employees, and create 60 new jobs for re-trained miners and additional specialist staff at the power project. The project will also help improve the safety of miners by establishing a better way to eliminate explosive methane from the mine.

"The success of signing of this ERPA serves as a model case for further promotion of similar CDM activities in China," said Madam Sun Cuihua of the National Development and Reform Commission for China’s (NDRC’s) Climate Change Office. "I wish to convey my gratitude to the people involved for this success"

Methane, which is released from coal seams during the mining process, causes explosions if it is allowed to build up in the mines. Chinese safety regulations require that mine operators remove the gas to a certain safety level. Mine operators currently take the least-cost method for venting the CMM gas¾they release it into the atmosphere. The Jincheng Coal Group will capture the coalmine methane by upgrading the Sihe mine with several new, internationally proven technologies to improve mine safety and efficiency during gas drainage. The project will recover CMM from the mine and process it into energy at a nearby power plant. The energy will be delivered to the local power grid, in that way improving the capacity of the Jincheng Power Network and mitigating its lack of electricity.

"This first success illustrates and rewards the determination of all PCF participants in the carbon fund to include CDM projects in China within their portfolio," said Jean-Claude Steffens, PCF Participants’ Committee Chair and Director Environment & Innovation, Suez-Tractebel of Brussels. "It results from constant efforts by the Chinese authorities and World Bank staff to overcome all the difficulties and to build trust in this new type of partnership for a better environment. I am certain that many other projects, within the PCF and outside, will follow this breakthrough."

"This indeed is a historical event", said David Dollar the World Bank’s Country Director for China, "not only because this ERPA is the first to be executed in China, but also because the size of the ERPA amount is the largest within the World Bank’s carbon finance business so far conducted. I sincerely congratulate all of the parties concerned on this transaction, and look forward for further expanded CDM activities here in China."

By introducing new technology, this highly replicable project will build local capacity and will serve as an example for other countries.

###

For more information please visit: www.carbonfinance.org

News Release No:2005/198/ESSD

Media Contact:

In Washington, DC: Anita Gordon 202-473-1799
[email protected]
In Beijing, China: Li Li (86-10)6554-3361
[email protected]


ANNEX 1:

The Kyoto Protocol and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

The Kyoto Protocol provides an unprecedented opportunity for the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and at the same time help developing countries and economies in transition invest in climate friendly technologies and infrastructure. The Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI) provide an element of flexibility for the industrialized countries to meet their obligations under the Protocol to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by on average 5.2 percent below their 1990 levels by 2010. In so doing, the Protocol provides an unprecedented incentive for those seeking lower cost emission reductions, to leverage the flow of private capital and privately held clean technology from North to South.

ANNEX 2:

The Carbon Finance Business

Carbon finance is the general term applied to financing seeking to purchase greenhouse gas emission reductions ("carbon" for short) to offset emissions in the OECD. Commitments of carbon finance for the purchase of carbon have grown rapidly since the first carbon purchases began less than seven years ago. The global market for greenhouse gas emission reductions is estimated at a cumulative 200 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent since its inception in 1996. Nearly 70 million tons was originated in 2002 alone. Volumes are expected to continue to grow as countries that have already ratified the Kyoto Protocol work to meet their commitments, and as national and regional markets for Emission Reductions are put into place, notably in Canada and the European Union (where trading is to start formally in 2005).

Related Topics
Policies and instruments
Policies and instruments / Regulatory instruments (laws, agreements)
Policies and instruments / Air quality standards and guidelines
CAI News
Institution / Author
World Bank Group
Main Topics
Monitoring
Modeling
Emissions inventories
Measuring impacts
Policies and instruments
Vehicular air pollution
Industrial air pollution
Indoor air pollution
Education and awareness
Regional and global effects

Tel: +1 (202) 458-0859 / Fax: +1 (202) 676-0977/8 / E-Mail: [email protected]