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Air Pollution, Poverty and Health Effects in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam (APPH)

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The Air Pollution, Poverty and Health Effects (APPH) project is a CAI-Asia pilot project co-funded by Asian Development Bank and Health Effects Institute (HEI) to develop a conceptual framework of the linkages between urban air pollution and poverty in the Asian context, the coping mechanisms of the poor, and air quality management (AQM) policy mechanism, which can target poor people.

Although there is evidence from research studies in the United States, Europe and Latin America that economic deprivation increases the magnitude of air pollution-related morbidity and mortality, there currently is none on Asia. This project will focus on the conduct of a case study in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam that will hopefully result in a methodology that can also be used for other Asian cities.

Main components:

  1. Study of the impact of air pollution on respiratory health of children in HCMC
  2. Household Survey
    • Exposure assessment to multiple sources of air pollution
    • Baseline health survey
    • Survey of perceptions and economic costs
  3. Policy Implications and Awareness Raising

Capacity-building activities will be conducted in all these three main components to enable local scientists to adapt the methodology for other Asian cities. APPH will be part of the Public Health and Air Pollution for Asia Program (PAPA), which is implemented by HEI on behalf of CAI-Asia.

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Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

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10 October 2006 (see Launch Workshop)

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30 months

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  • Literature review
  • Estimate the effect of short-term exposure to air pollution on hospital admissions for ALRI in young children (<5 years) in HCMC
  • Compare the magnitude of the effect of air pollution on poor children vs. other children
  • Exposure assessment to multiple sources of air pollution
  • Survey on public perceptions and economic burden of air pollution
  • Scientific and technical capacity building of Asian investigators
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APPH is cofinanced by ADB, Health Effects Institute and the Government of Viet Nam. The ADB component of the project will be financed on a grant basis by the Poverty Reduction Cooperation Fund (PRF) administered by ADB while

HEI and the Government are contributing $200,000 and $150,000 toward the TA's total cost of $950,000.

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  • March 25-26, 2008
    Air Pollution, Poverty and Health Effects in Ho Chi Minh City Policy Consultation Workshop
    Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
  • March 27, 2008
    Air Pollution, Poverty and Health Effects in Ho Chi Minh City Presentation to National and Hanoi Stakeholders
    Hanoi, Viet Nam
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ADB Technical Assistance 4714ADB Technical Assistance 4714
[.pdf, 122.8Kb]


Inception ReportInception Report
[.pdf, 89.6Kb]

16 February 2007



Air Pollution, Poverty and Health in Ho Chi Minh CityAir Pollution, Poverty and Health in Ho Chi Minh City
[.ppt, 2952.7Kb]

Stakeholders Forum, 3 February 2004, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam


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Who we are:
- CAI-Asia Partnership
- CAI-Asia Center
- Local Networks

Key documents:
- Country Synthesis Reports
- Compendium
- Benchmarking Report
- Quarterly Report (Center)
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Programs/Projects:
SUMA
APPH
PAPA
Capacity Building
DIESEL (completed)
PSUTA (completed)

Country / City
Asia in General
Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh City
Classified Under
Activities > Pilot projects
Related Topics
Measuring impacts > Health impacts
Measuring impacts > Economic impacts
Policies and instruments > Government initiatives and regulations

Secretariat: CAI-Asia Center, 3510 Robinsons Equitable Tower, ADB Ave., Ortigas Center, Pasig City, Philippines 1605
Tel: +632 3952843 to 45 / Fax: +632 3952846