Although social-cost analyses of transportation have been performed in Europe and the U. S. for over 25 years (Murphy and Delucchi, 1998), and sophisticated transportation social-cost models have been developed (Delucchi et al., 2004; Friedrich and Bickel, 2001), in China interest in social-cost analysis is relatively recent. Jaccard and Yushi (2001) talk generally about the use of social-cost analysis in the electricity sector in China. Heck et al. (2003) and Eliasson and Lee (2003) describe the application of a sophisticated set of LCA and external-cost models to electricity generation technologies in China. The World Bank (1997) has published a report estimating the health costs of ambient air pollution in China. However, there do not yet appear to be any sophisticated analyses of the social or external costs of transportation modes in China.
M. A. Delucchi et al., The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use, Based on 1990-1991 Data, UCD-ITS-RR-96-3, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, California, November 1996-December 2004. www.its.ucdavis.edu/faculty/delucchi.htm.
B. Eliasson and Y. Y. Lee, editors, Integrated Assessment of Sustainable Energy Systems in China: The China Technology Program: A Framework for Decision Support in the Electric Sector of Shandong Province, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/London (2003).
R. Friedrich and P. Bickel, (editors), Environmental External Costs of Transport, Springer-Verlag Stuttgart, Germany (2001).
T. Heck, S. Hirschberg, and R. Dones, ³Externalities of Energy Systems for Comprehensive Cost-Benefit Analysis with Focus on China,² China-IEA Seminar on Energy Modeling and Statistics, EIA-ERI-ETSAP, Beijing, China, Oct 20-21 (2003). www.iea.org/Textbase/work/2003/beijing/11hirs.pdf.
M. Jaccard and M. Yushi, ³A Framework for Social Costing and Institutional/Market Reform in the Chinese Energy Sector,² Energy For Sustainable Development V(4): 100-110 (2001). www.ieiglobal.org/vol5_issue4.html.
J. J. Murphy and M. A. Delucchi, ³A Review of the literature on the Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States,² Journal of Transportation and Statistics 1 (1): 15-42, January (1998).
The World Bank, Clear Water, Blue Skies: China¹s Environment in the New Century, China 2020 Series, Washington, D. C. (1997).