Coal Burning and Pollution
Coal plants and the emissions from these plants are one of the primary sources of air pollution. According to an estimate, they contribute to the world’s top most sources of carbon dioxide emissions, which again is one of the most significant causes of global warming. In the year 2012, it had been seen that the utility coal plants of the United States emitted about 1.7 billion tons of carbon dioxide. The same research stated that a typical coal plant is likely to generate about 3.5 million tons of carbon dioxide on a yearly basis. The burning of coal is also another primary cause of acid rain, air pollution, and smog. Although some of these emissions can be reduced with the help of relevant pollution control measures, yet most of the coal plants across the globe do not have access to the required technologies.
Produces Greenhouse Gasses
Energy is one of the most significant contributors to climate change. It results in more than 60 percent of emissions from the greenhouse gas. For several decades, the fossil fuels like coal, natural oil and gas have been a major source of producing electricity. However, when carbon fuels are burnt they end up producing a large amount of greenhouse gasses that eventually result in climate change thereby leaving harmful impacts on the environment and the lives of people.
Emits harmful substances
Coal emits several substances like sulfur fi oxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matters and mercury, all of which have an adverse and detrimental effect on our health. While mercury leads to brain damage, particulate matter leads to asthma, breathing troubles and several other chronic respiratory ailments. Sulfur dioxide, on the other hand, takes a toll on our health by directly penetrating into our lungs and by getting absorbed into our blood stream. It also leads to acid rain which is extremely harmful to farms, crops, forests, and lakes. Nitrogen oxides are equally dangerous as they have found to be the major cause of ground-level ozone and harmful smog that burns the lung tissues and exacerbates asthma. This also makes more and more people susceptible to diseases.
Leads to global warming
As mentioned earlier, the deadly emissions from coal are one of the primary reasons for global warming, which in the long run, will bring an adverse effect on the environment. Between the years 1880 and 2012, there was an increase in the average global temperature by 0.85C. Again, between the years 1901 and 2010, there was an increase in the worldwide average sea level by 19 cm. This happened because of the expansion of the oceans as an effect of global warming. The ice in the oceans melted and led to the increase in the sea level. Since then from the year 1979, there has been a significant loss of ice in the Arctic. There has been a loss of 1.07 km of ice in every decade. Considering the deadly concentrations and persistent emission of the toxic green-house gasses, it is highly likely that by the time this century ends, the rise in the worldwide temperature will increase 1.5C in a comparison of the 1860 to 1900 situation. Paris protocol and meetings have been undertaken regarding the matter, alternatives have also been thought for cleaner and tad more affordable sources of energy. However, to give a concrete shape to these alternatives, we as individuals, have to be aware of the current alarming situation.
It is, therefore, essential to use a proper and well-featured energy system, A proper and highly established energy system supports a large number of sectors. Whether it is business, education, agriculture, communication, infrastructure or even medicine- electricity a good energy system is indispensable for all these sectors. However, as the worldwide use of electricity is eventually rising, situations are turning worse for many countries and communities. Without a stable energy system and proper supply of electricity, no country will be able to power their economy.
From the warming up of the seas to the rapid rise of temperature, this change in the global climate will compel many industries to move or completely adapt to the change. As individuals, we need to adapt to these changes and also take proper measures to neutralize the impact and protect our global environment.