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BUILDING MODEL, BUILDING UNDERSTANDING: DEVELOPING VEHICLE EMISSION REDUCTION ACTION PRIORITIES USING SYSTEM DYNAMICS
Shanty M.F. Syahril1, Muhammad Tasrif2, A.Taufik Mukhith2, and Lucentezza Napitupulu1; 1 Pelangi, Jalan Pangeran Antasari, Indonesia 2 Institute Bandung of Technology, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

The research builds on previous work by multi-stakeholders in Jakarta titled Mitra Emisi Bersih (MEB or Partnership for Clean Emissions). MEB that comprises of national and local governments, the private sectors, non-government organizations, and academia has initiated to use a participatory and process approach to formulate and subsequently implement the integrated vehicle emissions reduction action plan. Despite the great efforts by the MEB to formulate the action plan, the prediction until year 2015 by Syahril et. al. (2002) indicated that the measures may only lead to a relatively modest improvement in air quality and unfortunately will still exceed the ambient air quality standard. We hypothesize the system dynamics methodology may assist the MEB to set effective actions towards improving the human and economic health. The stakeholders have shared information and collaborated in building a shared model of air quality problem in Jakarta during three consecutive multi-stakeholders workshops facilitated by Pelangi. Furthermore, the model building process is expected to change the way the stakeholders evaluate the policies as they learn about the way policies affect the things they value. This paper describes the process as well as the results of mapping the wicked air pollution problem by engaging the stakeholders. This research offers an approach on how stakeholders in the region can improve and strengthen cooperation in the formulation of air quality management and control policies and initiatives.

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