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Integrated Energy Options and Health Benefits Study for Shanghai, China
Chen Changhong, Fu Qingyan, Li Jia, Suan Wickwire, and reported by Collin Green, Timothy Hildebrandt and Jennifer L. Turner in the Wilson Center China Environment Series, Issue 5, pp. 124-129

Integrated Energy Options and Health Benefits Study for Shanghai, ChinaIntegrated Energy Options and Health Benefits Study for Shanghai, China
[.pdf, 123.9Kb]
Extracted from the China Environment Forum Meeting Summaries:

For the past three years, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has supported a cooperative project with the Chinese State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) to estimate how the implementation of clean energy and transport technologies, policies, and programs could benefit local air pollution and linked human health problems, as well as reduce greenhouse gases (GHG). This program falls within EPA’s integrated environmental studies (IES) program, which promotes an integrated environmental policy analysis framework by linking policy analysis and implementation of air pollution and GHG mitigation measures through analyses of emission inventories, air quality modeling, and air pollution health effects. The object of this comprehensive policy analysis framework is to provide decision-makers with robust information on the costs and benefits of specific policy measures. Members from the Chinese team presented the results of this study at a March China Environment Forum meeting at the Woodrow Wilson Center.

The initial phase of this China IES project was implemented in Shanghai in cooperation with the Shanghai Academy of Environmental Sciences (SAES)and the Public Health Department of Fudan University. The project received support from the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED), World Resources Institute (WRI), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), EPA, and the Shanghai Environmental Protection Bureau (SEPB).

The Shanghai project team has recently completed a comprehensive study—Integrated Assessment of Energy Options and Health Benefits—for Shanghai for the period 2000 to 2020. This is the first time Chinese experts have carried out an integrated study linking analysis of energy options, air quality, and economic value of anticipated health impacts. The study demonstrates that fuel substitution, efficiency improvements for boilers, and a city-wide cap on SO2 (sulfur dioxide) emissions provide effective pollution reduction opportunities to improve local air quality with significant health benefits while simultaneously reducing GHG emissions. The analysis estimates that these measures would prevent 3,000 deaths/year and provide a range of other health benefits, with a total economic value of over $500 million per year by 2010. The Shanghai municipal government already has incorporated results of this study into their planning and policies including the "10th Five-Year Development Plan for Shanghai Social Economic Development."

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Chen, Changhong

Secretariat: The World Bank & Asian Development Bank