|Urban Transport Crisis in India|
|Prof. John Pucher, Ph.D., Nisha Korattyswaroopam, M.C.P., and Neha Mittal, M.S., Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey USA; Neenu Ittyerah, M.S., Indian Railways, Chennai, India (Transport Policy, Vol. 12, Issue 3, June 2005)|
Indian cities face a transport crisis characterized by levels of congestion, noise, pollution, traffic fatalities and injuries, and inequity far exceeding those in most European and North American cities. India’s transport crisis has been exacerbated by the extremely rapid growth of India’s largest cities in a context of low incomes, limited and outdated transport infrastructure, rampant suburban sprawl, sharply rising motor vehicle ownership and use, deteriorating bus services, a wide range of motorized and non-motorized transport modes sharing roadways, and inadequate as well as uncoordinated land use and transport planning. This article summarizes key trends in India’s transport system and travel behavior, analyzes the extent and causes of the most severe problems, and recommends nine policy improvements that would help mitigate India’s urban transport crisis.