As a PSUTA city, Xi’an (China) has developed a city report framing its participation in the partnership, and has identified and analyzed indicators related to its critical needs for improving the sustainability of urban transport. This report evolves around a set of agreed key indicators that could assist policy and decision makers in developing sustainable urban transport policies.
The indicators are divided into four main groups, access, economic and demographic, environmental and health, and governance. The concept of sustainable transport development is introduced with a Xi’an perceptive, leading to a discussion of four sustainable principles, development, harmony, quality, and equity.
This report also provides a general definition of the concept of sustainable transport, as well as Xi’an’s own interpretation, which is to provide transport services that are safe, highly efficient, comfortable, and affordable to different social groups, to reduce transport pollution and environmental degradation, and to create a city where the economy, environmental protection, and transport can co-exist. Current and targeted transport conditions in Xi’an such as, city road network, volume of motor vehicles, parking facilities capacity, public transport, travel behavior of urban residents, environmental impacts, safety, and transport costs are introduced.
Xi’an has also established three sustainable transport goals, which are, (1) urban transport must meet the basic traffic demand increased as a result of economic development; (2) urban transport must serve the different needs of different social groups, hence, transport infrastructure investments should consider the various transport modes used by different people, and (3) transport systems should have minimal negative environmental, cultural, and social impacts.