As a PSUTA city, Hanoi (Vietnam) has developed a city report framing its participation in the partnership, and has identified and evaluated indicators related to its critical needs for improving the sustainability of urban transport. This report evolves around a set of agreed key indicators that could assist policy and decision makers in developing sustainable urban transport policies. The definition of sustainable transport according to the Hanoi team is an optimized network that meets current mobility needs, provides easy access and smooth mobility for different income groups, does not cause environmental pollution, minimize congestion and traffic accidents, and does not compromise future generations’ transport needs.
A review of the present status of Hanoi’s indicators reflected some basic demographic and behavioral, economic, transportation, access and land use, health and environment, and traffic accident indicators. One of the key findings in this partnership is the necessity to develop a good public transport system that can decrease the number of private vehicles in the city, improve existing traffic congestion problems, and help reduce air pollution. The formulation of indicators for sustainable urban transport development will facilitate the implementation of policies following a cycle of six steps (diagnosis, treatment, forecast, assessment, adjustment, and disclosure) as provided by ADB and EMBARQ.
All the indicators are also identified according to the five specific criteria, namely, accuracy, measurability, comparability, transparency, and frequency. This report recommended important new indicators and studies to be developed, including O-D surveys, traffic volume surveys, traffic congestion investigations, economic costs of traffic congestion and environmental pollution.