Qingdao launched a special "Air Pollution Prevention Implementation Plan" (November 2006 to October 2008). Afterwards, Qingdao launched its "Measures to Guarantee Air Quality during Olympics". The following aspects are emphasized in those two plans:
- Optimize energy structure. Qingdao will construct a natural gas project to provide 5 million tons of liquid natural gas annually. The development of hydro, wind, solar and biomass power is also encouraged in appropriate places. In construction projects and transportation infrastructure construction, the use of clean and sustainable energy should be promoted. Energy-saving building or projects should be encouraged as well.
- Increase waste gas treatment of coal-fired boilers. For coal-fired boilers which have a capacity smaller than 10 tons/hour and desulphurization efficiencies lower than 80%, even if they are not listed in the phase out list before June 2008, should be installed with desulphurization facilities before the end of 2007. On-site autonomous monitoring facilities should be installed in boilers with capacities lower than 35 tons/hour.
- Control coal-burning induced pollution. Key measures include controlling sulfur content in coal and promoting better quality coal that has low sulfur. Individual coal-burning boilers or facilities should be stopped and phased out.
- Control vehicle waste gas emissions. Measures include: phasing out high-emitting vehicles, promoting clean vehicles, adopting vehicle environmental classification system, adopting vehicle waste gas pollution monitoring and maintenance systems and enhancing oil quality inspection.
- Enhance measures to control floating dust.
"Measures to Guarantee Air Quality during Olympics"
The "Measures to Guarantee Air Quality during Olympics" also include specific measures on: installing desulphurization equipment for key enterprises; phasing out low-efficiency manufacturing capacities; accelerating comprehensive environment treatment measure, among others. According to the regulation, all desulphurization and rehabilitation activities of coal-fired boilers should be finished before the end of June 2008 to ensure that the waste gas pollution is totally controlled. The current desulphurization facilities should be guaranteed to run functionally. Based on these background measures, Qingdao should:
- adopt more comprehensive pollution treatment measures;
- accelerate the phasing out of low-efficiency equipment;
- focus on monitoring key polluters;
- punish the perpetrators of illegal activities which violate the environment and;
- enhance SO2 control and reduction.
Source (in Chinese):
"Olympic Ecological Protection Specific Plan"
Aside from this, Qingdao has also launched a special Olympic Ecological Protection Specific Plan which focuses on the: treatment of PM10, SO2, NO2; enhancement of industrial pollution treatment on SO2, soot and industrial dust; prevention of floating dust and vehicle waste gas emissions; and the adjustment of the energy structure to deal with structural pollution problems.
Source (in Chinese):
"Vehicle Emissions Prevention Regulation"
In March 2008, the Qingdao municipal government began to implement the "Vehicle Emissions Prevention Regulation." The new regulation includes a series of air quality improvement measures, including a vehicle environment classification system and measures to reduce vehicular emissions, among others.
"At present, all the vehicles running in the city have met the requirements, which is a step further toward our aim to present the world a green and healthy environment for the Olympics," said Gao Yan, head of Qingdao Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau.
The number of vehicles in Qingdao has been increasing by 300 to 400 a day, totaling 1.36 million by the end of 2007, according to official statistics. Vehicle emissions have brought serious pollution to the city, so the city government mandated a sharp reduction of car emissions in preparation for the coming Olympics sailing competition to ensure clear skies for the event.
Regulations on vehicle emissions were passed in 2004 that gradually reduce the levels of pollutants permitted. Monitoring departments in the city then began to measure air quality along main roads and publicize their findings.
Periodic checks and repair of vehicles to reduce pollutants are also part of the plan that complies with new emission standards set by the central government.
Seven vehicle emission monitoring stations and 18 testing lines have been built in seven districts in Qingdao. All vehicles in the city are required to be inspected to ensure they meet standards.
The concerted effort by the Vehicle Emission Control Center of the Qingdao Environmental Protection Bureau and the Qingdao Traffic Management Committee improved air quality by requiring both commercial and passenger vehicles that fail tests to be repaired or replaced.
The Qingdao municipal government also invested 240 million yuan over the past two years to replace 1,200 buses with those that meet European Union II and III standards, while adding 48 trolleys and retrofitting 520 vehicles to use natural gas.
During the Qingdao International Beer Festival and regatta last year, a test event for the 2008 Olympics sailing competition, 18 auto monitoring stations were placed in key areas such as the airport, railway station, long-distance bus station and the sailing venue itself to measure air quality.
For the coming Olympics this summer, the local government says it will enforce strict measures, intensify law enforcement and further eliminate vehicle pollution to improve the environmental quality of the whole city.