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Better Air Quality (BAQ) 2008
was held in Bangkok, Thailand
12-14 November 2008

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Biofuels - At What Cost? Government support for ethanol and biodiesel in the United States

One of a series of reports addressing subsidies for biofuels in Australia, Brazil, Canada, the European Union, Switzerland and the United States. (October 2006)


Ethanol is produced primarily by the fermentation of starch from grains (mostly corn) or sugar from sugar cane. It is most commonly used as an oxygenate in reformulated gasoline and in a gasoline blend called "gasohol." These fuels can be burned in gasoline engines. Specialized engines, on the other hand, are needed to burn pure ethanol.

Methanol for Reducing Greenhouse Gas

The greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction potential of methanol is dependent on the feedstock. Burning M-85 derived from methane results in total, lifecycle GHG emissions slightly lower than a gasoline vehicle.


Methanol can be produced from natural gas, coal, or biomass. At current and foreseeable prices, the most economical feedstock for methanol production is natural gas, especially natural gas found in remote regions where it has no ready market.

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Related Events
Roundtable on Biofuels: Trends and Updates

17 November 2009, Manila, Philippines

Ethanol and Biofuels Asia 2008

7-10 October 2008, Grand Hyatt, Singapore

Biofuels Summit

27-28 March 2008, Bangkok, Thailand

Biofuels Markets Asia 2007

12-13 June 2007, Singapore

Capacity Building in Clean Technologies for Industry and Transport - Sustainable Bio-technology and Bio-fuels in ASEAN

18-20 September 2006, Hanoi, Vietnam

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